The 2016 Mammal Red List of South Africa Lesotho and Swaziland forms part of a series of national Red List projects recently completed by SANBI and partners, which include butterflies, reptiles and birds. The revision was made possible by over 400 experts who provided their data and expertise to inform each assessment. It was funded via the South African National Biodiversity Institute (through a grant by the Norwegian Government that aims to build capacity in the southern Africa region for undertaking assessments), the Endangered Wildlife Trust, the Department of Environmental Affairs, E Oppenheimer & Son and De Beers Group of Companies.
Please click on the orders below for the full species assessments from the 2016 Mammal Red List.

Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Fynbos Golden Mole   Amblysomus corriae Near Threatened
Hottentot's Golden Mole Amblysomus hottentotus Least Concern
Marley's Golden Mole   Amblysomus marleyi Endangered
Robust Golden Mole  Amblysomus robustus Vulnerable
Highveld Golden Mole   Amblysomus septentrionalis Near Threatened
Yellow Golden Mole   Calcochloris obtusirostris Near Threatened
Duthie's Golden Mole  Chlorotalpa duthieae Vulnerable
Sclater's Golden Mole Chlorotalpa sclateri Least Concern
Cape Golden Mole  Chrysochloris asiatica Least Concern
Visagie's Golden Mole  Chrysochloris visagiei Data Deficient
Giant Golden Mole   Chrysospalax trevelyani Endangered
Rough-haired Golden Mole Chrysospalax villosus Vulnerable
De Winton's Golden Mole Cryptochloris wintoni Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Van Zyl's Golden Mole   Cryptochloris zyli  Endangered
Grant's Golden Mole  Eremitalpa granti granti Vulnerable
Gunning's Golden Mole Neamblysomus gunningi Endangered
Juliana's Golden Mole Neamblysomus julianae Endangered
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Impala Aepyceros melampus melampus  Least Concern
Red Hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus caama  Least Concern
Lichtenstein's Hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus lichtensteinii  Not Evaluated
Springbok Antidorcas marsupialis Least Concern
Natal Red Duiker Cephalophus natalensis Near Threatened 
Black Wildebeest Connochaetes gnou Least Concern
Blue Wildebeest Connochaetes taurinus taurinus Least Concern
Tsessebe Damaliscus lunatus lunatus Vulnerable
Blesbok Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi Least Concern
Bontebok Damaliscus pygargus pygargus Vulnerable
South African Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis giraffa  Least Concern
Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius Least Concern
Roan Antelope Hippotragus equinus Endangered 
Blue Antelope Hippotragus leucophaeus  Extinct
Sable Antelope Hippotragus niger niger Vulnerable
Common Waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus ellipsiprymnus Least Concern
Suni Nesotragus moschatus zuluensis Endangered 
Klipspringer Oreotragus oreotragus Least Concern
Gemsbok Oryx gazella Least Concern
Oribi Ourebia ourebi ourebi Endangered 
Grey Rhebok Pelea capreolus Near Threatened 
Common Warthog Phacochoerus africanus Least Concern
Bushpig Potamochoerus larvatus Least Concern
Blue Duiker Philantomba monticola Vulnerable
Steenbok Raphicerus campestris Least Concern
Cape Grysbok Raphicerus melanotis Least Concern
Sharpe's Grysbok Raphicerus sharpei Least Concern
Southern Reedbuck Redunca arundinum Least Concern
Mountain Reedbuck Redunca fulvorufula fulvorufula Endangered 
Common Duiker Sylvicapra grimmia Least Concern
Southern Savannah Buffalo Syncerus caffer caffer Least Concern
Nyala Tragelaphus angasii Least Concern
Eland Tragelaphus oryx Least Concern
Greater Kudu Tragelaphus strepsiceros Least Concern
Southern Bushbuck Tragelaphus sylvaticus Least Concern
Common Name Scientific Name Regional Red List Status 2016
Dwarf Minke Whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata subsp. Least Concern
Antarctic Minke Whale Balaenoptera bonaerensis Least Concern
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis Endangered 
Bryde's Whale (inshore) Balaenoptera edeni (inshore form) Vulnerable
Bryde's Whale (offshore) Balaenoptera edeni (offshore form) Data Deficient
Pygmy Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda Data Deficient
Antarctic Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus intermedia Critically Endangered 
Southern Hemisphere Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus Endangered 
Arnoux's Beaked Whale Berardius arnuxii Data Deficient
Pygmy Right Whale Caperea marginata Least Concern
Commerson's Dolphin Cephalorhynchus commersonii Not Evaluated
Heaviside's Dolphin Cephalorhynchus heavisidii Least Concern
Long-beaked Common Dolphin Delphinus capensis Least Concern
Short-beaked Common Dolphin Delphinus delphis Least Concern
Southern Right Whale Eubalaena australis Least Concern
Pygmy Killer Whale Feresa attenuata Least Concern
Short-finned Pilot Whale Globicephala macrorhynchus Least Concern
Long-finned Pilot Whale Globicephala melas Least Concern
Risso's Dolphin Grampus griseus Least Concern
Southern Bottlenose Whale Hyperoodon planifrons Least Concern
Longman's Beaked Whale Indopacetus pacificus Data Deficient
Pygmy Sperm Whale Kogia breviceps Data Deficient
Dwarf Sperm Whale Kogia sima Data Deficient
Fraser's Dolphin Lagenodelphis hosei Least Concern
Hourglass Dolphin Lagenorhynchus cruciger Least Concern
Dusky Dolphin Lagenorhynchus obscurus Least Concern
Southern Right Whale Dolphin Lissodelphis peronii Least Concern
Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae Least Concern
Humpback Whale (B2 stock) Megaptera novaeangliae  (B2 subpopulation) Vulnerable
Blainville's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon densirostris Data Deficient
Gray's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon grayi Data Deficient
Hector's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon hectori Data Deficient
Strap-toothed Whale Mesoplodon layardii Data Deficient
True's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon mirus Data Deficient
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Least Concern
Melonheaded Whale Peponocephala electra Least Concern
False Killer Whale Pseudorca crassidens Least Concern
Sperm Whale Physeter macrocephalus Vulnerable
Indian Humpback Dolphin Sousa plumbea Endangered 
Pantropical Spotted Dolphin Stenella attenuata Least Concern
Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba Least Concern
Spinner Dolphin Stenella longirostris Least Concern
Rough-toothed Dolphin Steno bredanensis Not Evaluated
Shepherd's Beaked Whale Tasmacetus shepherdi Not Evaluated
Indian Ocean Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops aduncus (Ifafa-False Bay subpopulation) Near Threatened 
Indian Ocean Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops aduncus (Ifafa-Kosi Bay subpopulation) Vulnerable
Indian Ocean Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops aduncus (seasonal subpopulation) Data Deficient
Common Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus Least Concern
Cuvier's Beaked Whale Ziphius cavirostris Data Deficient
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus Vulnerable
Cape Clawless Otter Aonyx capensis Near Threatened 
Antarctic Fur Seal Arctocephalus gazella Least Concern
Cape Fur Seal Arctocephalus pusillus Least Concern
Subantarctic Fur Seal Arctocephalus tropicalis Least Concern
Water Mongoose Atilax paludinosus Least Concern
Side-striped Jackal Canis adustus Least Concern
Black-backed Jackal Canis mesomelas Least Concern
Caracal Caracal caracal Least Concern
African Civet Civettictis civetta Least Concern
Spotted Hyaena Crocuta crocuta Near Threatened 
Yellow Mongoose Cynictis penicillata Least Concern
Black-footed Cat Felis nigripes Vulnerable
African Wildcat Felis silvestris Least Concern
Small-spotted Genet Genetta genetta Least Concern
Rusty-spotted Genet Genetta maculata Least Concern
Cape Genet Genetta tigrina Least Concern
Dwarf Mongoose Helogale parvula Least Concern
Large Grey Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon Least Concern
Cape Grey Mongoose Herpestes pulverulentus Least Concern
Slender Mongoose Herpestes sanguineus Least Concern
Brown Hyaena Parahyaena brunnea Near Threatened 
White-tailed Mongoose Ichneumia albicauda Least Concern
Striped Polecat Ictonyx striatus Least Concern
Serval Leptailurus serval Near Threatened 
Spotted-necked Otter Hydrictis maculicollis Vulnerable
African Wild Dog Lycaon pictus Endangered 
Honey Badger Mellivora capensis Least Concern
Southern Elephant Seal Mirounga leonina Near Threatened 
Banded Mongoose Mungos mungo Least Concern
Bat-eared Fox Otocyon megalotis Least Concern
Lion Panthera leo Least Concern
Cape Lion Panthera leo melanochaitus Extinct
Leopard Panthera pardus Vulnerable
Selous' Mongoose Paracynictis selousi Least Concern
African Striped Weasel Poecilogale albinucha Near Threatened 
Aardwolf Proteles cristata Least Concern
Meller's Mongoose Rhynchogale melleri Least Concern
Suricate Suricata suricatta Least Concern
Cape Fox Vulpes chama Least Concern
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Ansorge's Free-tailed Bat Chaerephon ansorgei Least Concern
Little Free-tailed Bat Chaerephon pumilus Least Concern
Lesueur's Hairy Bat Cistugo lesueuri Least Concern
Angolan Hairy Bat Cistugo seabrae Near Threatened 
Short-eared Trident Bat Cloeotis percivali Endangered 
African Straw-colored Fruit Bat Eidolon helvum Least Concern
Peters’ Epauletted Fruit Bat Epomophorus crypturus Least Concern
Wahlberg's Epauletted Fruit Bat Epomophorus wahlbergi Least Concern
Long-tailed Serotine Bat Eptesicus hottentotus Least Concern
Butterfly Bat Glauconycteris variegata Least Concern
Sundevall's Leaf-nosed Bat Hipposideros caffer Least Concern
Striped Leaf-nosed Bat Hipposideros vittatus Least Concern
Anchieta's Pipistrelle Hypsugo anchietae Least Concern
Damara Woolly Bat Kerivoula argentata Near Threatened 
Lesser Woolly Bat Kerivoula lanosa Least Concern
Botswana Long-eared Bat Laephotis botswanae Least Concern
Namib Long-eared Bat Laephotis namibensis Vulnerable
De Winton's Long-eared Bat Laephotis wintoni Vulnerable
Lesser Long-fingered Bat Miniopterus fraterculus Least Concern
Greater long-fingered bat Miniopterus inflatus Near Threatened 
Natal Long-fingered Bat Miniopterus natalensis Least Concern
Angolan Free-tailed Bat Mops condylurus Least Concern
Midas Free-tailed Bat Mops midas Least Concern
Rufous Hairy Bat Myotis bocagii Least Concern
Temminck's Hairy Bat Myotis tricolor Least Concern
Welwitsch's Hairy Bat Myotis welwitschii Least Concern
Cape Serotine Bat Neoromicia capensis Least Concern
Melcks' Serotine Neoromicia cf. melckorum Least Concern
Banana Bat Neoromicia nana Least Concern
Rendall's Serotine Bat Neoromicia rendalli Least Concern
Zulu Pipistrelle Bat Neoromicia zuluensis Least Concern
Hairy Slit-faced Bat Nycteris hispida Least Concern
Egyptian Slit-faced Bat Nycteris thebaica Least Concern
Wood's Slit-faced Bat Nycteris woodi Near Threatened 
Schlieffen's Bat Nycticeinops schlieffeni Least Concern
Large-eared free-tailed Bat Otomops martiensseni Least Concern
African Pipistrelle Pipistrellus hesperidus Least Concern
Rüppel's Pipistrelle Pipistrellus rueppellii Least Concern
Rusty Bat Pipistrellus rusticus Least Concern
Peak-saddle Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus blasii Near Threatened 
Cape Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus capensis Least Concern
Geoffroy's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus clivosus Least Concern
Cohen's Horseshoe Bat  Rhinolophus cohenae Vulnerable
Damara Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus damarensis Least Concern
Darling's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus darlingi Least Concern
Dent's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus denti Near Threatened 
Rüppell's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus fumigatus Least Concern
Lander's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus landeri Least Concern
Bushveld Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus simulator Least Concern
Smither's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus smithersi Near Threatened 
Swinny's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus swinnyi Vulnerable
Egyptian Fruit Bat Rousettus aegyptiacus Least Concern
Flat-headed Free-tail Bat Sauromys petrophilus Least Concern
Thomas' House Bat Scotoecus albofuscus Near Threatened 
Yellow House Bat Scotophilus dinganii Least Concern
White-bellied House Bat Scotophilus leucogaster Least Concern
Giant Yellow House Bat Scotophilus nigrita  Near Threatened 
Lesser Yellow House Bat Scotophilus viridis Least Concern
Egyptian Free-tailed Bat Tadarida aegyptiaca Least Concern
Malagasy Free-tailed Bat Tadarida fulminans Least Concern
Giant Free-tailed Bat Tadarida ventralis Vulnerable
Mauritian Tomb Bat Taphozous mauritianus Least Concern
Egyptian Tomb Bat Taphozous perforatus Near Threatened 
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
South African Hedgehog Atelerix frontalis Near Threatened 
Reddish-grey Musk Shrew Crocidura cyanea Least Concern
Greater Red Musk Shrew Crocidura flavescens Least Concern
Tiny Musk Shrew Crocidura fuscomurina Least Concern
Lesser Red Musk Shrew Crocidura hirta Least Concern
Maquassie Musk Shrew Crocidura maquassiensis Vulnerable
Swamp Musk Shrew Crocidura mariquensis Near Threatened 
Lesser Grey-brown Musk Shrew Crocidura silacea Least Concern
Dark-Footed Forest Shrew Myosorex cafer Vulnerable
Thin Mouse Shrew Myosorex cf. tenuis Endangered 
Long-tailed Forest Shrew Myosorex longicaudatus Endangered 
Boosman's Long-tailed Forest Shrew Myosorex longicaudatus boosmani Critically Endangered 
Sclater's Forest Shrew Myosorex sclateri Vulnerable
Forest Shrew Myosorex varius Least Concern
Least Dwarf Shrew Suncus infinitesimus Least Concern
Greater Dwarf Shrew Suncus lixus Least Concern
Lesser Dwarf Shrew Suncus varilla Least Concern
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Tree Hyrax Dendrohyrax arboreus   Endangered
Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax Heterohyrax brucei  Least Concern
Rock Hyrax  Procavia capensis Least Concern
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Riverine Rabbit Bunolagus monticularis Critically Endangered 
Cape Hare Lepus capensis Least Concern
Scrub Hare Lepus saxatilis Least Concern
African Savanna Hare Lepus victoriae Least Concern
Natal Red Rock Rabbit Pronolagus crassicaudatus Least Concern
Jameson's Red Rock Rabbit Pronolagus randensis Least Concern
Smith's Red Rock Rabbit Pronolagus rupestris Least Concern
Hewitt's Red Rock Rabbit Pronolagus saundersiae Least Concern
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Short-snouted Sengi Elephantulus brachyrhynchus Least Concern
Cape Rock Sengi Elephantulus edwardii Least Concern
Bushveld Sengi   Elephantulus intufi Least Concern
Eastern Rock Sengi  Elephantulus myurus Least Concern
Karoo Rock Sengi  Elephantulus pilicaudus Data Deficient
Western Rock Sengi  Elephantulus rupestris Least Concern
Karoo Round-eared Sengi   Macroscelides proboscideus Least Concern
Four-toed Sengi  Petrodromus tetradactylus Near Threatened
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Southern White Rhinoceros    Ceratotherium simum Near Threatened
Black Rhinoceros Diceros bicornis Endangered
Plains Zebra Equus quagga Equus quagga Least Concern
Hartmann's Mountain Zebra Equus zebra hartmannae Vulnerable
Cape Mountain Zebra Equus zebra zebra Least Concern
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Temminck's Ground Pangolin Smutsia temminckii Vulnerable
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Samango Monkey Cercopithecus albogularis Vulnerable
Vervet Monkey Chlorocebus pygerythrus Least Concern
Southern Lesser Galago Galago moholi Least Concern
Mozambique Dwarf Galago Galagoides granti Data Deficient
Human Homo sapiens Least Concern
Thick-tailed Bushbaby Otolemur crassicaudatus Least Concern
Chacma Baboon Papio ursinus Least Concern
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
African Elephant Loxodonta africana Least Concern
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Spiny Mouse Acomys spinosissimus Least Concern
Cape Spiny Mouse Acomys subspinosus Least Concern
Red Veld Rat Aethomys chrysophilus Least Concern
Tete Veld Rat Aethomys ineptus Least Concern
Namaqua Dune Mole-rat Bathyergus janetta Least Concern
Cape Dune Mole-rat Bathyergus suillus Least Concern
Giant Rat Cricetomys ansorgei Least Concern
Common Mole-rats Cryptomys spp Least Concern
African Marsh Rat Dasymys spp Vulnerable
Grey Climbing Mouse Dendromus melanotis Least Concern
Brant's Climbing Mouse Dendromus mesomelas Least Concern
Chestnut Climbing Mouse Dendromus mystacalis Least Concern
Nyika Climbing Mouse Dendromus nyikae Data Deficient
Short-tailed Gerbil Desmodillus auricularis Least Concern
Damaraland Mole-rat Fukomys damarensis Least Concern
Cape Mole-rat Georychus capensis Least Concern
Cape Gerbil Gerbilliscus afra Least Concern
Highveld Gerbil Gerbilliscus brantsii Least Concern
Bushveld Gerbil Gerbilliscus leucogaster Least Concern
Hairy-footed Gerbil Gerbilliscus paeba Least Concern
Brush-tailed Hairy-footed Gerbil Gerbilliscus vallinus Least Concern
Mozambique Woodland Mouse Grammomys cometes Least Concern
Woodland Mouse Grammomys dolichurus Least Concern
Small-eared Dormouse Graphiurus microtis Least Concern
Woodland Dormouse Graphiurus murinus Least Concern
Spectacled Dormouse Graphiurus ocularis Near Threatened
Rock Dormouse Graphiurus platyops Least Concern
Stone Dormouse Graphiurus rupicola Near Threatened
Cape Porcupine Hystrix africaeaustralis Least Concern
Single-striped Grass Mouse Lemniscomys rosalia Least Concern
Large-eared Mouse Malacothrix typica Least Concern
Multimammate Mouse Mastomys spp Least Concern
Grant's Rock Mouse Micaelamys granti Least Concern
Namaqua Rock Mouse Micaelamys namaquensis Least Concern
Desert Pygmy Mouse Mus indutus Least Concern
Pygmy Mouse Mus minutoides Least Concern
Thomas' Pygmy Mouse Mus neavei Data Deficient
Verreaux's Mouse Myomyscus verreauxii Least Concern
White-tailed Rat Mystromys albicaudatus Vulnerable
Angoni Vlei Rat Otomys angoniensis Least Concern
Vlei Rat (Grassland type) Otomys auratus Near Threatened
Vlei Rat (Fynbos type ) Otomys irroratus Least Concern
Robert's Vlei Rat Otomys karoensis Least Concern
Laminate Vlei Rat Otomys laminatus Near Threatened
Sloggett's Rat Otomys sloggetti Least Concern
Karoo Bush Rat Otomys unisulcatus Least Concern
Brants' Whistling Rat Paratomys brantsii Least Concern
Tree Squirrel Paraxerus cepapi Least Concern
Red Squirrel Paraxerus palliatus Near Threatened
Littledale's Whistling Rat Parotomys littledalei Near Threatened
Springhare Pedetes capensis Least Concern
Dassie Rat Petromus typicus Least Concern
Barbour's Rock Mouse Petromyscus barbouri Least Concern
Pygmy Rock Mouse Petromyscus collinus Least Concern
Brukkaros Pygmy Rock Mouse Petromyscus monticularis Least Concern
Four-striped Grass Mouse Rhabdomys spp Least Concern
Pouched Mouse Saccostomus campestris Least Concern
Kreb's Fat Mouse Steatomys krebsii Least Concern
Fat Mouse Steatomys pratensis Least Concern
Black-tailed Tree Rat Thallomys nigricauda Least Concern
Tree Rat Thallomys paedulcus Least Concern
Shortridge's Rat Thallomys shortridgei Least Concern
Greater Cane Rat Thryonomys swinderianus Least Concern
Cape Ground Squirrel Xerus inauris Least Concern
Woosnam's Desert Rat Zelotomys woosnami Least Concern
Common name Scientific name Regional Red List Status 2016
Aardvark Orycteropus afer Least Concern
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